TRICOR Fire Safety
Fire information you need to know to be prepared
- In only 3½ minutes, the heat from a house fire can reach over 1100 degrees Fahrenheit. The temperature can reach over 300 degrees in rooms that are not even on fire; this is hot enough to melt plastic and kill the people in those rooms.
- Fire produces gases and fumes that can make you sleepy, weak, and confused. You can't smell these fumes, so if you are asleep the smell won't wake you, but a smoke alarm will.
- Unlike fires in the movies, the smoke from a house fire can be so thick that your house would be completely dark in 4 minutes, even with all the lights on!
- Two out of three people who die in house fires were asleep when the fire began.
Increase your chances in a fire
- Smoke alarms increase the chances of surviving a house fire by 2 to 3 times.
- Install a smoke alarm just outside the sleeping areas.
- Never remove the battery from the smoke alarm.
- Change the smoke alarm's battery once a year or when the alarm chirps.
- Smoke alarms are a cheap and effective way to prevent house fire injuries.
- Some children run and hide when the smoke alarm sounds a house fire warning. Making and practicing a house fire escape plan helps everyone get out safe.
How to react in a fire
- Don't panic.
- Assess the situation. Is the fire able to be extinguished with a fire extinguisher?
- If not, make sure everyone is accounted for and use the buddy system.
- Always know two ways out of every room (i.e., window and door).
- Crawl low under smoke to a safe exit.
- Use the back of the hand to test if a closed door is hot. If it is hot, use another way out.
- Everyone meet at a previously designated meeting place outside the home and make sure everyone is accounted for.
- Call 911 from a neighbor's home.
- Never go back inside a burning home to get anything such as clothes or pets.
- Wait for fire rescue.
- After the emergency is over, call TRICOR and your agent will take care of the rest.
Top ways fires starts
- Heating devices such as heaters, wood stoves, and fireplaces, is a leading cause of house fires.
- Most often the fires start when something like furniture, boxes, or clothing was too near the heat source.
- Cigarettes are a leading cause of house fires. Most often the fires start when a cigarette was dropped on to furniture like beds, sofas, or chairs.
- Children playing with fire cause many injuries and house fires every year.
- Kitchen fires that get out of control.
Kitchen Fire Safety
Even though we spend a great deal of time in our kitchen, it is not the safest room in the home. Cooking fires are the #1 cause of home fires and home fire injuries. These fires are usually preventable. But what can we do about it?
- Learn the hazards in your kitchen.
- Learn how to reduce and minimize them.
- Learn how to react properly when things go wrong.
- Learn about burns and how to care for them.
- Remain calm.
- For a pan fire, while wearing an oven mitt slide a lid over the pan and turn off the stove.
- For an oven fire, keep the door closed and turn off the oven, then unplug.
- For a grease fire, do not add water. Use flour to extinguish the fire.
- First degree burns are skin that has only it's outer layer harmed and feels much like that of a mild sunburn.
- Second degree burns appear swollen and blistered because several layers of the skin has been burned.
- Third degree burns are where all layers and perhaps underlying tissue has been burned.
- If the skin is unbroken such as in a first or second degree burns, cool water can be run over the area to remove heat. However, if the skin is broken such as in a third degree burn, apply a dry sterile dressing over the wound and seek immediate medical attention.
- Make sure everyone is out of the house and accounted for before calling 911 from a neighbor's home.
The Facts on Fire Extinguishers
Each extinguisher is required to have a label from the Underwriters Lab., or Factory Mutual Testing Lab. The Underwriters Laboratory labels are identified by the letters UL in a circle. Once you find the label look for the word “classification.” On the right side or just below this, you will see a series of numbers and letters. For example you may see “2-A:10-BC.” Remove the numbers and what you have are the letters "ABC", this is the designation of the class of fire(s) the unit is to be used on. The numbers may be different but you still read them the same, i.e., 60-BC would be for class B and C fires only.
Classifications of Fires
- “A”-type fires are common combustibles, i.e., wood, paper, cloth
- “B”-type fires are flammable liquids, i.e., gas, oil, grease
- “C”-type fires are electrically energized fires, i.e., computers, toasters, heaters, appliances
For Fire Extinguisher Operation remember:
- P - Pull the pin
- A - Aim at the base of the fire
- S - Squeeze the handle
- S - Sweep the fire.
Keep a 10 lb. ABC fire extinguisher mounted near the exit. If the fire has not grown beyond the area in which it started, use your fire extinguisher following the PASS method.